tortuga_verde

Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas)

There are no land turtles in Chile (called ‘tortoise’ in English), but four species of marine turtle swim in our waters. The Green Turtle lives in warm oceans and is one of the world’s most widespread marine turtles. In Chile its habitat ranges from Arica to Chiloé. It also visits Eastern Island. Disturbance of breeding beaches, water contamination, hunting and egg harvesting for human consume are some of the reason for it endangered status.

pez_espada

Swordfish (Xiphias gladius)

The Swordfish has a long, sword-like snout which it uses as a weapon for stunning or impaling smaller fish and squids. Adults have neither scales nor teeth. Swordfish spawn in tropical waters (over 24°C). They change their diet according to where they currently are. Swordfish feed on tuna, squids, shrimps and barracuda, among other fish. Adults are found in subtropical waters, tropical and temperate waters of the Pacific, as well as in the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean. In Chile it is fished between Arica and Valdivia.

jibia

Humboldt Squid (Dosidicus gigas)

Humboldt Squids are marine invertebrates, which means they have no bones. They have a special foot called siphon, which enables them to move. They can weigh up to 50 kg and grow up to 140 cm long. Squids feed on fish, krill and another molluscs and crustaceans, and even haven been shown cannibalistic behaviour. Their natural predators are the Sperm Whale and Juan Fernández Fur Seal. These swimmers of the Humboldt Current can be found in groups of up to 1.200 individuals. It is thought that they live up to approx. one year and communicate by changing the colour of their bodies.

huemul

Huemul (Hippocamelus bisulcus)

The Huemul is a type of deer and can be found in our coat of arms. Its name comes from the mapudungun word “wümul”, which means ‘to follow one another’. In Chile, the Huemul lives from Santiago down to the Strait of Magellan. However, nowadays it is found mainly in the regions XI and XII. A small population also lives in the ‘Nevados de Chillán’. Females look different from males (this is called ‘sexual dimorphism’) as only males have antlers. Sadly, habitat loss, hunting, predation by dogs and the introduction of domestic livestock have caused a decrease of its population. Nowadays the Huemul is considered endangered.